Membership in the Advisory Board, of Veterans in Defense of Liberty, is determined through a review of the candidate’s history of accomplishments and the candidate’s understanding of, and commitment to, the Constitution of the United States and its central role in defining the character of our country.
James Livingston was born on January 12, 1940 in Towns, Georgia. He graduated from Lumber City High School in 1957. He entered North Georgia College and State University (The Military College of Georgia) in 1957 and was a member of the schools nationally recognized Corps of Cadets until he transferred to pursue a major that the school did not offer. In 1962, Livingston earned a B.S degree in civil engineering from Auburn University. He was commissioned a second lieutenant in the Marine Corps in June 1962.
Livingston's early assignments included service as a platoon commander, intelligence officer and as a Recruit Training Regiment series commander.
Promoted to captain in June 1966, Capt Livingston served as the Commanding Officer of the Marine detachment aboard the Aircraft Carrier USS Wasp, before joining the 3rd Marine Division in the Republic of Vietnam in August 1967.
On May 2, 1968 while serving as Commanding Officer, Company E, 2nd Battalion, 4th Marines, he distinguished himself above and beyond the call of duty in action against enemy forces, and earned the Medal of Honor. He returned to the U.S. in November 1968 and completed the Amphibious Warfare School in Quantico, Virginia. He was presented the Medal of Honor on May 14, 1970 by President Richard Nixon.
After his second tour in Vietnam, he served as an instructor at the U.S. Army Infantry School, Director of Division Schools for the 1st Marine Division, and later, as S-3 of the 3rd Battalion, 7th Marines. In March 1975 he returned to Vietnam and served as Operations Officer for the Vietnam evacuation operations which included Operation Frequent Wind, the evacuation of Saigon.
He then commanded the Marine Barracks, United Kingdom, London, and served as Commanding Officer, 3rd Recruit Training Battalion and then as the Assistant Chief of Staff for Operations and Training at the Marine Recruit Depot, Parris Island, South Carolina. During this period, he earned a master’s degree in Management from Webster University (1984). He then served with the 2nd Marine Division and commanded the 6th Marines before joining the Joint U.S. Assistance Group in the Republic of the Philippines.
Following advancement to brigadier general on June 10, 1988, he served as Deputy Director for Operations at the National Military Command Center in Washington, D.C. During Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm, Gen Livingston commanded the Marine Air Ground Combat Center, 29 Palms, California and developed the Desert Warfare Training Program. After command of the 1st Marine Expeditionary Brigade, he was advanced to major general on July 8, 1991, and assumed command of the 4th Marine Division. In July 1992, he assumed command of the newly created Marine Reserve Force, and continued through its reorganization in October 1994, with its new title, "Marine Forces Reserve".
Livingston is a graduate of the Amphibious Warfare School, the Marine Corps Command and Staff College and the Air War College. In retirement, MajGen Livingston is serving on the Board of Trustees of the National World War II Museum. MajGen Livingston served as the National Co-Chair of Veterans for Fred Thompson.
Ballard was born in Kansas City, Missouri and it was there that he enlisted in the United States Navy. Sent to Vietnam, Ballard served as a corpsman in the Quang Tri province with Company M, 3rd Battalion, 4th Marines (Mike 3/4) of the 3rd Marine Division. On May 16, 1968, Ballard treated two Marines suffering from heat exhaustion, and when returning to his unit from the casualty evacuation helicopter pad he and his company were attacked by the North Vietnamese Army. While under fire, Ballard directed aid to other wounded U.S. Marines and when a grenade landed nearby, Ballard fearlessly threw himself upon the lethal explosive device to protect his comrades from the deadly blast. Grabbing the grenade and rolling upon one of his wounded comrades to protect him he threw the devise seconds before it harmlessly exploded. He calmly arose from his dangerous position and resolutely continued his determined efforts in treating his Marines. For his actions, he received the United States of America's highest award, the Medal of Honor. In 1970, Ballard received the Navy Medal of Honor from President Richard M. Nixon and General Westmoreland . He then left the United States Navy and enlisted in Army officer candidate school. Westmoreland offered Ballard a direct commission; however Ballard turned it down for personal reasons. Ballard later joined the Kansas National Guard, and served as an ambulance platoon leader, company commander, and was tasked with creating the new 'Medical Detachment 5', a unit which performs medicals on Guard members in order to save the cost of contracting outside medical help, and of which he was the first member and commander.
On April 5, 1998, Ballard was promoted to colonel by Major General James F. Reuger and served as Special Assistant to the Adjutant General until his retirement in 2000. Inducted into the National Guard Hall of Fame in November 2001, Ballard is the only living Kansas Guardsman to have received the Medal of Honor. He is also the subject of a memorial statue at the National Medical War Memorial in Kansas City, depicting Ballard during the action for which he received the Medal of Honor.
Richard Spooner was living in Northern California when World War II broke out; he subsequently enlisted in the Marines at age 17 as a rifleman. Major Spooner participated in several operations during the war, including the Battle of Saipan, where he was briefly taken prisoner by the Imperial Japanese Army. He also fought in the Battle of Okinawa. After the war, he was promoted to Gunnery Sergeant and eventually commissioned as a Second Lieutenant. During the Korean War, Spooner served in with the 1st Marine Aircraft Wing and also taught infantry tactics at Camp Pendleton. During his subsequent career, he commanded five companies and the Marine detachment aboard a heavy cruiser. By the time the Vietnam War broke out, Richard Spooner had achieved the rank of Major. During the war, he served in the Provost Marshal Division and as an adviser to the South Vietnamese police. Spooner retired from the Marine Corps in 1972.
Spooner has also written at least one book, "The Spirit of Semper Fidelis: Reflections From the Bottom of an Old Canteen Cup," a historical novel about the Pacific War which is actually a personal memoir. He has been working on his second book for the past few years as well as his third one. He admits he has not been able to finish his second book because the third one is so interesting. He hopes to publish his second book in the summer of 2010.
In 1968, Richard Spooner opened the Globe and Laurel Restaurant which he described as "a pub for professional Marines". The pub features a collection of military memorabilia, including an original Medal of Honor and Victoria Cross in the same case. When he retired, his wife Gloria helped convince him to turn it from a part-time hobby into a full-time job. The Globe and Laurel was originally located on Broadway Street in the town of Quantico, but in 1973 a fire gutted the original building. The Globe and Laurel subsequently reopened in the town of Triangle, just outside the main gate of Marine Corps Base Quantico. The Spooners and "The Globe and Laurel" have been featured on "War Stories" on the History Channel and the Food Network.
For over 35 years, Gary has produced marketing, fundraising and educational programs for the nation’s leading conservative, patriotic, humanitarian and Christian champions. He is proficient in nearly all media and their multi-channel integration, as well as PR and market research. His passion is developing “Big Idea” campaigns that set the terms of the national debate for America’s greatest causes.
Gary began in 1980 as an account supervisor in his native California at the west’s then-largest direct response ad agency serving Fortune 500 clients and their ad agencies. After mastering copywriting and creative direction, he shifted his focus to serving non-profit organizations. He has helped raise hundreds of millions of dollars for clients including Paralyzed Veterans of America, VFW, Veterans in Defense of Liberty, National Law Enforcement Memorial, City of Hope, Easter Seals, Mercy Ships, Food for the Hungry, Open Doors, Alliance Defense Fund, and Family Research Council. Gary’s video-driven capital campaigns include Prison Fellowship, Reagan Ranch, The Heritage Foundation, Media Research Center and CNS News, George Washington’s Mt. Vernon, Hillsdale College and other prominent organizations.
Gary was co-creator and producer of Hillsdale’s landmark online courses on America’s Constitution, history, free-market economy, etc., bringing in nearly 1.5 million enrollments so far. He has filmed interviews with Rush Limbaugh, Mark Levin, Laura Ingraham, Ted Cruz, Herman Caine, Michelle Malkin, Phyllis Schlafly, Franklin Graham, Sheriff David Clarke, Michael Reagan (aired by Fox News), and, most humbling, many combat-wounded veterans.
James S. Robbins is Senior Editorial Writer for Foreign Affairs at the Washington Times, Executive Director of the American Security Council Foundation and Senior Fellow in National Security Affairs at the American Foreign Policy Council. He specializes in counterterrorism, counterinsurgency and military history.
Dr. Robbins is author of This Time We Win: Revisiting the Tet Offensive and Last in Their Class: Custer, Pickett and the Goats of West Point. His political commentaries have appeared in publications such as The National Review, Wall Street Journal, USA Today and Christian Science Monitor. He is a frequent commentator on national and international television and radio, including appearances on MSNBC, PBS, NPR, BBC, FNC, CNN, CNBC, CTV, CSPAN, the Voice of America, Al Jazeera, and Al Hurrah. Dr. Robbins has made more than 100 personal appearances in a multitude of venues.
Dr. Robbins holds a Ph.D. and Master of Arts in Law and Diplomacy from The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy in Medford, Massachusetts. He also has Masters and Bachelors degrees in Political Science from the University of Cincinnati. He has taught at The Fletcher School, Boston University, Marine Corps University and National Defense University. He served in government for ten years, and was awarded the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Joint Meritorious Civilian Service Award
Daniel L. Brenner/UMKC Scholar and Professor of Law; A.B. (Harvard University); Ph.D., M.Phil. (Oxford University); J.D. (Yale School of Law)
Professor Kobach received his bachelor of arts degree with highest distinction from Harvard University in 1988. He graduated at the top of his class in the Harvard Government Department. In 1988, the British government awarded him a Marshall Scholarship, which took him to England for post-graduate study. In 1992 he received his doctorate in Political Science from Oxford University. In 1995 he received his J.D. from Yale Law School. While at Yale, he taught undergraduates in the Yale Political Science Department, and in 1994 he won the Prize Teaching Fellowship, an award based on student nominations and faculty review. He also served as notes development editor on the Yale Law Journal.
Professor Kobach was admitted to the Kansas Bar in 1995 and served as a law clerk to Judge Deanell Reece Tacha of the United States Court of Appeals for the 10th Circuit in 1995-1996. He joined the UMKC School of Law faculty in 1996. He has published two books, The Referendum: Direct Democracy in Switzerland (Dartmouth, 1994), and Political Capital: The Motives, Tactics, and Goals of Politicized Businesses in South Africa (University Press of America, 1990). He has also published numerous articles in political science, constitutional law, immigration law, and legal history.
In 2001, Professor Kobach was awarded a White House Fellowship, which took him to Washington, DC, to work for the Bush Administration in the office of U.S. Attorney General John Ashcroft. After his fellowship year ended, the Attorney General asked Kobach to stay on as his Counsel. In that capacity, Professor Kobach served as the Attorney General’s chief adviser on immigration law and border security.
After the 9/11 attacks, Kobach was put in charge of Department of Justice efforts to tighten border security and return the rule of law to immigration. He led the team that designed and implemented the National Security Entry-Exit Registration System, which registers and fingerprints high-risk visitors to the United States. Within its first year of operation, the registration system resulted in the apprehension of numerous suspected terrorists. Professor Kobach also led Department of Justice reforms of the immigration court system, resulting in the reshaping of the Board of Immigration Appeals in 2002. He left the Justice Department and returned to teaching law in July 2003.
Professor Kobach has litigated a number of high-profile lawsuits in the field of immigration. He is lead attorney representing the city of Hazleton, Pennsylvania, in its defense of an ordinance that prohibits the employment of unauthorized aliens by businesses and prohibits the harboring of illegal aliens by landlords. He also represents U.S. citizen students challenging state policies that grant resident tuition rates to illegal aliens in Kansas and California. He is Senior Counsel at the Immigration Reform Law Institute, a Washington, DC-based legal advocacy organization that represents U.S. citizens in immigration-related cases across the country
Professor Kobach has testified before Congress on eight occasions. He is a regular guest on Lou Dobbs Tonight (CNN), The O’Reilly Factor (FOX News Channel), and MSNBC News, most often discussing U.S. immigration policy. He is also a frequent columnist for the New York Post and the Washington Times. He and his wife, Heather, have two daughters, Lilly and Reagan.
Professor Kobach teaches Constitutional Law I, Constitutional Law II, Immigration Law, American Legal History, and Legislation.
Colin Hanna is a former Chester County, Philadelphia, commissioner and founder of Let Freedom Ring. Let Freedom Ring was formed to counter the attacks of anti-conservative groups on patriotic candidates as well as attacks on the important issues of our day – those that affect the core of our society: the family, marriage, the economy, energy, abortion, health care and foreign policy, to name just a few. We also work to keep our constituents and the media informed about what our founding fathers’ intentions were and how history shapes laws and our culture today. Through seminars, workshops, ad campaigns, leadership and grassroots training and educational materials, Let Freedom Ring strives to motivate, activate and educate those who are interested in keeping America the great nation it has always been.
Let Freedom Ring has conducted successful non-partisan and bi-partisan events in Pennsylvania, Ohio, Washington, D.C. and many other locations across the U.S. that have featured the nation’s top leaders as keynote speakers. Video productions such as “Inner Strength,” educating the public about the faith and perseverance of some of America’s top leaders including President Bush, have been created and distributed by Let Freedom ring. We have equipped individuals and churches to hold voter registration drives and created award–winning television and radio commercials, Public Service Announcements and broadcast and written commentaries. The leaders of Let Freedom Ring have been featured in the news countless times. Let Freedom Ring played an important role in voter education and voter turnout in the 2004 presidential election.
"Larry Wayne Gatlin is an American country music singer/songwriter. He is perhaps best known for teaming up with his brothers Steve and Rudy in the late 1970s, becoming one of country music's most successful acts of the 1970s and 1980s. Gatlin has had a total of 33 Top 40 singles (combining his solo recordings and those with his brothers). As their fame grew, the band became known as Larry Gatlin & the Gatlin Brothers.
Their popularity lasted throughout much of the 1980s. Their biggest hits together include, "Broken Lady", "All the Gold in California", "Houston (Means I'm One Day Closer to You)", "She Used to Be Somebody's Baby", and "Talkin' to the Moon". Larry Gatlin is known for his rich tenor voice and for the string of pop-inflected hit songs he wrote and recorded throughout the 1970s and 80s. During this time, country music trended heavily towards polished pop music arrangements in a style that came to be known as Countrypolitan. Larry Gatlin and the Gatlin Brothers came to prominence and enjoyed their greatest success during this period with hit singles that showcased the brothers' powerful three-part harmonies and Larry's evocative falsetto voice."
WILLIAM J. FEDERER is a nationally known speaker, best-selling author, and president of Amerisearch, Inc., a publishing company dedicated to researching America's noble heritage.
TELEVISION: A former U.S. Congressional Candidate, Bill has appeared on: CSPAN, FOX, Hannity & Colmes, O'Reilly Factor, NPR, MSNBC, ABC-Time Warner Affiliates, CBN, TBN, INSP, TCT, FamilyNet, FamilyLand TV, Coral Ridge Hour, 700 Club, AT&T Cable, Charter Cable, Danny Fontana Show, iLife TV, FOX Strategy Room with Brian Kilmeade, hosted CSPAN's George Washington Book Festival-February 26, 2000, CTN with Herman & Sharron Bailey, Grizzly Adams Television Production documentaries, and numerous local programs
Bill's AMERICAN MINUTE radio feature is broadcast daily across America and by the Internet.
BOOKS: Bill's first book "America's God and Country Encyclopedia of Quotations" has sold over a half-million copies. His works, which have been quoted by authors, politicians, leaders, journalists, teachers, students and in court cases, include:
*AMERICA'S GOD AND COUNTRY ENCYCLOPEDIA OF QUOTATIONS
*AMERICAN MINUTE-Events of American Significance Remembered on the Date They Occurred
*AMERICAN QUOTATIONS CDROM
*BACKFIRED-A nation born for religious tolerance no longer tolerates religion
*ENDANGERED SPEECHES-How the ACLU, IRS & LBJ Threaten Extinction of Free Speech
*GEORGE WASHINGTON CARVER-His Life & Faith In His Own Words
*LIBRARY OF CLASSICS CDROM
*PRAYERS & PRESIDENTS-Inspiring Faith from Leaders of the Past
*SAINT PATRICK-The Real Story of His Amazing Life from Tragedy to Triumph
*THE FAITH OF FDR –From Franklin D. Roosevelt's Public Papers 1933-1945
*THE INTERESTING HISTORY OF INCOME TAX
*THE ORIGINAL 13-A Documentary History of Religion in America's First Thirteen States
*THE TEN COMMANDMENTS & their Influence on American Law
*THERE REALLY IS A SANTA CLAUS-History of Saint Nicholas & Christmas Holiday Traditions
*THREE SECULAR REASONS Why America Should be Under God
*TREASURY OF PRESIDENTIAL QUOTATIONS
*WHAT EVERY AMERICAN NEEDS TO KNOW ABOUT THE QUR'AN-A History of Islam & the U.S.
Sharron Angle was born in Klamath Falls, Oregon. Her father worked in the family business, a potato farm, until he enlisted in the Navy and fought in WWII and the Korea conflict. While a senior at University of Nevada Reno, Sharron married Ted Angle. Sharron and Ted have two children and ten grandchildren. Sharron worked as a substitute teacher in public schools; taught art courses at Western Nevada Community College (now Great Basin Community College) in Winnemucca for five years; and co-founded, administrated, and taught grades K-12 in a one-room Christian school of 24 students for two years. While in Tonopah, Sharron also tutored at Nye County Juvenile Justice for six years and operated the Tonopah Life Center
Sharron was first elected in 1992 to the Nye County School Board of Trustees. The family moved back to Reno in 1995 and in 1998 she was elected to the Nevada State Assembly where she faithfully served until 2006 fighting for smaller government, lower taxes, and a better Nevada for future generations. She is the past chairwomanship of We the People Nevada PAC that sponsored the Property Tax Restraint Initiative.
A true protector of the Nevada Constitution, Sharron has fought and won judicial battles to protect Nevadan's constitutional rights. In 2003 while serving as the Minority Whip in the Nevada State Assembly, Sharron challenged the Governor's proposed massive $800 million tax hike. The Governor then sued the legislature in Angle v Guinn to force a decision by the Nevada Supreme Court. The Court over-ruled the two-thirds requirement which meant the taxes were to be imposed through a simple majority rather than by two-thirds vote. Using her own funds, Sharron hired Dr. John Eastman of the Claremont Institute to defend the Nevada's Constitution against this injury. Angle and Eastman took this case to Federal District Court in Nevada, which ended up referring the case to the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals, then finally to the U.S. Supreme Court.
The attention from Angle v Guinn resulted in the members of the Nevada Supreme Court which made that ruling either retired or were replaced through election defeat. Subsequently the new Court reversed the decision in 2007 reinstating the two-thirds requirement in the Constitution. In recognition of her fight to protect the Constitution, Sharron received the prestigious Claremont Institute Ronald Reagan Freedom Medallion for Courageous Client in 2004.
Though this was a personally costly case for Sharron to defend, this is precisely what she believes the founding fathers meant when they said we must "pledge our lives, our fortunes and our sacred honor" to protect our freedom and liberty.
Sharron Angle is also a member of the Gun Owners of America, National Right to Life Committee, Concerned Women for America, Nevada Republican Assembly, Washoe County Republican Party, and Fellowship Community Church.